Adverse impact is very much in use when hiring employee for job. Migration is permanent or semi-permanent change of residence. It is a controversial issue in the developed nations of the world.
Emigrant and the host country are two parties involved in the process of immigration. The tendency of economic, social and cultural outcomes decides the end result of immigration process. It can be fruitful or harmful for both of the parties in certain conditions. Emigrant suffers due to difference in cultural background. Culture is not a static entity that is moveable from place to place. It includes attitudes and practices related to their specific experiences of class, region and gender. This complex process of cultural adaptation requires struggle with new experiences connected with starting a new life. It is a process of cultural re-composition. It is all about the class, region and gender which is happen with the employees.
Impact of this on economy:
Structural adjustment of the economy has major impact on the emigrant workers through change in composition and nature of job. Women’s settlement experience is often very different from that of men. The Women are affected by demands of paid employment and their reproductive role. Emigrant has to put some effort to be familiar with Government Policies, Regulations, Laws and Fiscal structure of the economy. Participation in main stream society can be problematic in different religions and ethnic groups. In search of a physic shelter, the emigrant desperately needs social, economical and moral support from the new country. For a host country, immigration makes the allocation of limited resources more difficult. Because it creates more competing ends for growing population .In other words, if there are more people living on the same amount of land, same amount of natural resources. There will be fewer resources and land available per person.
What you understand from it?
The per-unit cost of a natural resource-based good is likely to increase as more is produced. Immigration is a burden on infrastructure of the economy in the form of population growth. Host country needs more electricity, power, roads, houses, hospitals and institutions for emigrants. In this way overall expenditures of the country may rise to an unfavorable state. Immigration affects labor market of the hosting country in the form of wage fall and unemployment. Excessive supply of labor in the market causes to reduce the wages of the native citizens. It is simply a matter of supply and demand, if the supply of labor increases the wages will fall. Unemployment risk may rise due to increase in ratio of applicants for available jobs in the host country. Low cost labor in form of emigrants is undermining the jobs prospects of native skilled labor. It causes native labor unemployed.
In the immigration process, the emigrant and the recipient country suffer to some extent. An emigrant struggles for survivor whereas the host country tries to keep stability in economic condition of the country. Instead of training native labor to fulfill shortage of skill the employers prefer to hire skilled emigrants at lower cost.